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Cardiovascular Disease and Exercise


One of the important beliefs of the American College of Sports Medicine (ASCM), is that exercise is medicine and exercise can prevent and treat diseases. Cardiovascular diseases, such as coronary heart disease, hypertension, and strokes, account for about one-third of deaths in the United States (Kenney, Wilmore, & Costill, 2015). Cardiovascular diseases are highly preventable with physical activity and lifestyle modifications. The ASCM recommends that to help offset cardiovascular disease, a person should obtain a 150 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic exercise per week in five thirty minute sessions, or 75 minutes of vigorous aerobic exercise per week in three sessions lasting greater than twenty minutes, which equals 500-1000 MET minutes per week (Garber et al., 2011). Other organizations and disciplines have similar guidelines.